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How to Write Your First Research Paper

How do you approach reading a paper?

❶I used solutions in various concentrations. What is the likelihood that the Earth would be struck by a large asteroid or comet like the one believed to have killed off the dinosaurs?

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Year after year, students find that the report called the research paper is the part of the science fair project where they learn the most. So, take it from those who preceded you, the research paper you are preparing to write is super valuable. The short answer is that the research paper is a report summarizing the answers to the research questions you generated in your background research plan.

It's a review of the relevant publications books, magazines, websites discussing the topic you want to investigate. The long answer is that the research paper summarizes the theory behind your experiment. Science fair judges like to see that you understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. You do library and Internet research so that you can make a prediction of what will occur in your experiment, and then whether that prediction is right or wrong, you will have the knowledge to understand what caused the behavior you observed.

From a practical perspective, the research paper also discusses the techniques and equipment that are appropriate for investigating your topic. Some methods and techniques are more reliable because they have been used many times. Can you use a procedure for your science fair project that is similar to an experiment that has been done before? If you can obtain this information, your project will be more successful. As they say, you don't want to reinvent the wheel!

If these reasons sound to you like the reasons we gave for doing background research, you're right! The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research. Many science experiments can be explained using mathematics. As you write your research paper, you'll want to make sure that you include as much relevant math as you understand.

If a simple equation describes aspects of your science fair project, include it. As you read the information in your bibliography, you'll want to take notes. Some teachers recommend taking notes on note cards. Each card contains the source at the top, with key points listed or quoted underneath. Others prefer typing notes directly into a word processor. No matter how you take notes, be sure to keep track of the sources for all your key facts.

The best way to speed your writing is to do a little planning. Before starting to write, think about the best order to discuss the major sections of your report. Generally, you will want to begin with your science fair project question so that the reader will know the purpose of your paper.

What should come next? Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper.

A typical organization might look like this:. When you write your research paper you might want to copy words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas from one of your sources.

It is OK to copy such information as long as you reference it with a citation. If the information is a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then you should also put it in quotation marks.

A citation and quotation marks tell the reader who actually wrote the information. For a science fair project, a reference citation also known as author-date citation is an accepted way to reference information you copy. Citation referencing is easy. Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, and page number if needed in parentheses after the information you copy.

Place the reference citation at the end of the sentence but before the final period. A comma separates the page number or numbers from the year" Bloggs, , p. In that case, the first publication would have an 'a' after the publication year, the second a 'b', and so on. If you used animals, what measures did you take to minimize pain? This is where you present the results you've gotten. Use graphs and tables if appropriate, but also summarize your main findings in the text.

Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened; t hat goes in th e Discussion. You don't necessarily have to include all the data you've gotten during the semester.

This isn't a diary. Use appropriate methods of showing data. Don't try to manipulate the data to make it look like you did more than you actually did. If you present your data in a table or graph, include a title describing what's in the table "Enzyme activity at various temperatures", not "My results".

For graphs, you should also label the x and y axes. Don't use a table or graph just to be "fancy". If you can summarize the information in one sentence, then a table or graph is not necessary.

Highlight the most significant results, but don't just repeat what you've written in the Results section. How do these results relate to the original question?

Do the data support your hypothesis? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported? If your results were unexpected, try to explain why. Is there another way to interpret your results? What further research would be necessary to answer the questions raised by your results?

How do y our results fit into the big picture? End with a one-sentence summary of your conclusion, emphasizing why it is relevant.

This section is optional. You can thank those who either helped with the experiments, or made other important contributions, such as discussing the protocol, commenting on the manuscript, or buying you pizza. There are several possible ways to organize this section. Here is one commonly used way: In the text, cite the literature in the appropriate places: Scarlet thought that the gene was present only in yeast, but it has since been identified in the platypus Indigo and Mauve, and wombat Magenta, et al.

In the References section list citations in alphabetical order. Queer place for qwerty: Widiculous Wombats, Violet, Q.

Isolation of qwerty gene from S. Journal of Unusual Results 36, Unfortunately, they're all the same page. Write accurately Scientific writing must be accurate. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. A student who tried not to repeat the word "hamster" produced this confusing sentence: The rats were injected with the drug.

I injected the drug into the rat. Temperature has an effect on the reaction. Temperature affects the reaction. I used solutions in various concentrations. Less food can't count numbers of food Fewer animals can count numbers of animals. A large amount of food can't count them A large number of animals can count them. The erythrocytes, which are in the blood, contain hemoglobin.

The erythrocytes that are in the blood contain hemoglobin. This sentence implies that there are erythrocytes elsewhere that don't contain hemoglobin. Write at a level that's appropriate for your audience. Use the active voice. It's clearer and more concise than the passive voice. An increased appetite was manifested by the rats and an increase in body weight was measured.

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What Is a Research Paper? The short answer is that the research paper is a report summarizing the answers to the research questions you generated in your background research howtomakeup.ga's a review of the relevant publications (books, magazines, websites) discussing the topic you want to investigate.

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Basic Format For Writing Science Research Paper. Most of the science students have misconception that as they are science students that don’t need to improve either writing skills but they forget that they will be someday assigned to write science research paper. In order to analyze the student’s knowledge of science theories, teachers usually assign them to write science research papers.

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Jan 19,  · Science topics are interesting to write and easy to research because there are so many current and reputable journals online. Start by browsing through the topic questions below, then look at some of the linked articles or continue your search online with the links howtomakeup.gas: Science term papers. When you are a student of a higher educational level, you need to complete this type of work. Before starting writing you have to do a research and consider appropriate as well as inappropriate thoughts.

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format for the paper Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. Entrust your science research paper or dissertation to a professional in the required field. Buy custom science papers that will guide you through the writing process. Need a reliable writing service to help you with scientific essays? Entrust your science research paper or dissertation to a .