There are several different types of critical analysis that a student authoring a critical review paper might be asked to write. They include, but are not limited to:. Every essay, regardless of topic or nature, follows a standard structure which includes the introduction or thesis statement , the body paragraphs, and the conclusion or closing statement.
That being said, prior to tackling each of these sections, you must first draft an outline suitable for a critical paper. For all papers of this nature, the outline is important because it presents writers with the opportunity to begin to build a roadmap for their essay. The introduction of your essay should offer a clear description of the topic being reviewed. Your introductory statement should be concise, but thorough enough to allow the reader to determine what your focus will be.
In the body of your essay, every sentence should communicate the point. Each paragraph must support your thesis statement either by offering a claim or presenting an argument. These should be followed up with evidence. Most critical essays will have three to six paragraphs, unless the requirements state otherwise. The conclusion of a critical essay is no different than the conclusion of any other type of essay. You should restate your thesis statement and summarize your key argument.
It is wise to leave the reader with something to consider or a strong statement that ties into your essay as a whole. Your goal is to leave the reader with the desire to want to learn more, or the urge to research the topic more on their own free time.
The outline for your essay will be similar, regardless of the topic chosen. The above-mentioned outline can be customized and tailored to be used for any topic. The key is to always focus on the headings Introduction, Body and Conclusion and to drill down from there, adding three or four key concepts or ideas to each heading and beginning to use that as the framework for your essay. As you complete your outline, move on to your rough draft, writing quickly, and including each of the key points or challenges you found in your initial review.
Highlight and underline significant passages so that you can easily come back to them. As you read, you should also pull any significant information from your sources by jotting the information down in a notebook. Develop your tentative thesis. Once you have developed your ideas about your primary source and read your primary sources, you should be ready to write a thesis statement. You may find it helpful to use a multi-sentence thesis statement, where the first sentence offers the general idea and the second sentence refines it to a more specific idea.
In other words, avoid simply saying that something is "good" or "effective" and say what specifically makes it "good" or "effective. The end of the first paragraph is the traditional place to provide your thesis in an academic essay. For example, here is a multi-sentence thesis statement about the effectiveness and purpose of the movie Mad Max: Fury Road is effective because it turns this pattern on its head.
Instead of following the expected progression, the movie offers an action movie with multiple heroes, many of whom are women, thereby effectively challenging patriarchal standards in the Hollywood summer blockbuster. Develop a rough outline based on your research notes. Writing an outline before you begin drafting your essay will help you to organize your information more effectively.
You can make your outline as detailed or as scant as you want. Just keep in mind that the more detail you include in your outline, the more material you will have ready to put into your paper. Or, you may want to use an informal "mind-map" type of outline, which allows you to gather your ideas before you have a complete idea of how they progress.
Begin your essay with an engaging sentence that gets right into your topic. Your introduction should immediately begin discussing your topic. Think about what you will discuss in your essay to help you determine what you should include in your introduction. Keep in mind that your introduction should identify the main idea of your critical essay and act as a preview to your essay.
Provide background information to help guide your readers. Providing adequate background information or context will help to guide your readers through your essay.
Think about what your readers will need to know in order to understand the rest of your essay and provide this information in your first paragraph. This information will vary depending on the type of text you have been asked to write about. A conference of English professors needs less background info than a blog readership. Use your body paragraphs to discuss specific components of your text. Rather than trying to talk about multiple aspects of your text in a single paragraph, make sure that each body paragraph focuses on a single aspect of your text.
Your discussion of each of these aspects should contribute to proving your thesis. Provide a claim at the beginning of the paragraph. Support your claim with at least one example from your primary source s.
Support your claim with at least one example from your secondary sources. Develop a conclusion for your essay. Your conclusion should emphasize what you have attempted to show your readers about your text. There are several good options for ending an academic essay that might help you decide how to format your conclusion. For example, you might: Summarize and review your main ideas about the text.
Explain how the topic affects the reader. Explain how your narrow topic applies to a broader theme or observation. Call the reader to action or further exploration on the topic. Present new questions that your essay introduced. Set aside your paper for a few days before revising your draft.
By taking a break after you have finished drafting your paper, you will give your brain a rest. When you revisit the draft, you will have a fresh perspective. It is important to begin writing a paper far enough ahead of time to allow yourself a few days or even a week to revise before it is due. If you do not allow yourself this extra time, you will be more prone to making simple mistakes and your grade may suffer as a result.
Give yourself sufficient time to do a substantive revision that clarifies any confusing logic or arguments. As you revise your paper, you should consider multiple aspects of your writing to make sure that your readers will be able to understand what you have written. Consider the following questions as you revise: What is your main point? How might you clarify your main point? Who is your audience? Have you considered their needs and expectations? What is your purpose? Have you accomplished your purpose with this paper?
How effective is your evidence? How might your strengthen your evidence? Does every part of your paper relate back to your thesis? How might you enhance these connections? Is anything confusing about your language or organization? How might your clarify your language or organization? Have you made any errors with grammar, punctuation, or spelling? How can you correct these errors?
What might someone who disagrees with you say about your paper? How can you address these opposing arguments in your paper? Use relevant background or historical information to show the importance of the work and the reason for your evaluation. The body of a critical essay contains information that supports your position on the topic.
Develop your arguments through using facts that explain your position, compare it to the opinions of experts, and evaluate the work. Directly follow each statement of opinion with supporting evidence.
The critical essay should briefly examine other opinions of the work, using them to strengthen your position. Use both the views of experts that are contrary to your viewpoint as well as those in agreement with your position. Use your evidence to show why your conclusion is stronger than opposing views, examining the strength of others' reasoning and the quality of their conclusions in contrast to yours. As well as comparisons, include examples, statistics, and anecdotes.
Find supporting evidence within the work itself, in other critical discussions of the work, and through external sources such as a biography of the author or artist. Using paragraphs for each point you analyze and including transitions from point to point improves the flow of your essay.
As well as from paragraph to paragraph, check to see that the entire essay is well organized and that the information within each paragraph is well ordered. The conclusion of your critical essay restates your position and summarizes how your evidence supports your point of view.
What is a Critical Essay? A critical essay is a critique or review of another work, usually one which is arts related (i.e. book, play, movie, painting). However, the critical essay is more than just a summary of the contents of the other work or your opinion of its value.
Critical essay writing guide, typical structure, topics and samples on essaybasics Content of this article How to write a critical essay Purposes of writing Preparation process Research Structure Finalizing an essay How to choose topic for a critical writing Samples 1.
A critical essay or review begins with an analysis or exposition of the reading, article-by-article, book by book. Each analysis should include the following points: 1. Writing a Critical Essay about Literature (AKA: Your professor told you to stop summarizing and start analyzing) So you have been given an assignment to write an essay about a piece of literature.
This type of essays is a composition that offers a critical analysis, interpretation, or evaluation of a definite paper. Conventionally, it is intended for an academic audience. Consequently, it is important to make a deep research of the paper that should be analyzed. This type of writing might take a while since the critical essay is a paper the purpose of which is an analysis of somebody's book, movie, article or painting with further interpretation and evaluation.