The bill automatically puts two fronts against each other by raising several ethical questions about the destruction of human embryos, which are essentially believed by loyalists to be human life already. The legislation process of the state of Hawaii is underway and it has already received several private donors who would want the stem cell research to continue.
The bill that has been recently passed is one indication that there is a strong push for the legislation of stem cell research Human Stem Cell Research. Advances in vitro culture of stem cells provided unparalleled opportunities for studying and understanding human embryology.
Although it is impossible to predict the outcomes, scientists and the public will gain immense new knowledge in the biology of human development that will likely hold remarkable potential for therapies and cures. Chapman, Frankel, Garfinkel, These changes often have a direct effect on nursing practice.
Nurses in this situation are faced with providing nursing care in situations that contradict their own personal values. Changing social values and attitudes impact on various areas of concern to nurses and on the decisions they have to make. This is where nurses will have a difficult time reconciling. Still awaiting are several new implications that require further bills to be passed. This is a new breakthrough that challenges ethical standards.
Some states are now debating as to whether embryos should be created rather than collected from fertility clinics. These are the current problems that affect the House of the United States where they are carefully considering the implications, both medical and ethical, of allowing such procedure to continue. There are suggestions to create embryos rather than relying on those left over from fertility clinics. Indeed, the issue on the stem cell will continue to be a highly charged one.
Researchers will have to deal with this for a long time. Much research needs to be done. Many issues need to be reconciled. Both sides are powerful testaments to the positions they represent. The origin of the first argument is the source and process for producing some stem cells, specifically embryonic stem cells. Often, people jump to the conclusion that all stem cells are derived from embryos meaning that a human life must be sacrificed in order to create a stem cell line.
Those people who feel that life begins at conception oppose the use of unused blastocysts and aborted fetuses in research, while pro-choice groups generally support embryonic cell studies advocating that new lives were not created just for the purpose of experimentation.
In August , President Bush compromised by approving federal funding for research that involved only the 15 already existing stem cell lines. Other cell lines could still be developed with state and private funding. In March , President Obama used an executive order to lift the eight year ban on federal funding to develop new stem cell lines. Potentially, one life could save millions of people from horrendous, unnecessary, tragic illnesses and untimely deaths.
Another controversy around stem cell use is the movement to create siblings who can serve as identical-matched donors. Umbilical cord blood is the typical tissue used in these situations, but occasionally supplemental bone marrow must be used. Some people have raised moral and religious objections to creating a horde of embryos that will just get discarded without a thought if they do not meet the right criteria to help the sick sibling.
Should a family create a child just to help a sibling, or should they have a baby because the new child would also be special to them? To date, 58 siblings have been created for this purpose. In February , the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a policy statement that outlined strict criteria for using children as blood stem cell donors. The use of umbilical blood cells was not discouraged as long as the newborn infant was not placed at physical risk during delivery. The policy also addressed the psychological threats to both the donor and recipient children.
The ongoing controversy over discarding unmatched embryos may be resolved by using the newly discovered adult stem cells. The discovery of adult stem cells, or iPS, has excited the scientific community, but these cells still have their problems. An already differentiated body cell must be genetically reprogrammed back into an unprogrammed pluripotent cell that looks like an early embryo. This could lead to an increased risk of cancer in already compromised patients. These cells could be used to treat a host of horrible human conditions from birth defects to heart disease and degenerative neurologic conditions.
Scientists working in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine hope to someday use the cells from the intended recipient to create a new custom designed cell type or even a perfectly matched organ to replace damaged tissue. With new knowledge comes a new concern about the creative misuse of this information.
There are growing fears that stems cells would be used not only to clone new organs but could be used to clone whole new preferred populations. Some are concerned about the unintended consequences of new cancers or illnesses from retroviruses.
Others argue that we should not mess with human life, and we should not be trying to play God. Research and medical organizations could allay the fears of the public by issuing policy statements similar to the one published by the American Academy of Pediatrics and by closely regulating the use of stem cell lines. The potential social and economic benefits of the many that could be saved far outweigh the detriments of loss of life or limited funding.
Adult and umbilical cells are emerging as the more advantageous sources with the fewest ethical controversies. Umbilical cells would be even more acceptable if genetic matches could be determined before an ovum is fertilized and an embryo is formed. That way an innocent life would not need to be sacrificed.
It is essential that scientists zealously pursue stem cell research while valuing all life. Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world. Being inexhaustible, life and nature are a constant stimulus for a creative mind.
Hold on to the good. While you did present the case for the positive uses of stem cells, you did not seem to spend much time showing how this actually outweighs, as a pro-lifer would say, "killing an innocent person". But, who knows, maybe you had a length cap for this assignment, in which case I can see how difficult it would be to include all the arguments.
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The Importance of Stem Cell Research - Stem cell research is a topic almost everybody in the world has a viewpoint on. Many view the issue of stem cell research and stem cell therapy as morally wrong and a crime against humanity, others view the study of stem cells as the next step in modern science.
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Free sample research paper on Stem Cell Research, example essay on embryonic stem cells. Online research proposal on Stem Cells. Stem cell research and its funding have caused enormous controversy over the past decade. Stem cells are pluripotent cells present in all living organisms. These cells can differentiate into any.
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