Who am I to say? This goes to show that most young adults have almost no moral compass nowadays and simply go on their feelings to determine whether something is right or wrong. For example, Buckley speaks of a time that he was in a crowded train cart.
He tells of how it is below freezing outside, but for some reason, inside of the train cart, it is over 85 degrees. When the train conductor comes by for the tickets, he goes to complain about the heat, but instead, asks what time they will reach the destination.
William Buckley goes on to tell of a time when he was at the movie theatres with his wife, and he started to notice that the picture was out of focus, and when he tried to complain to his wife, she told him to be quiet. Buckley states that once we stop complaining, we have lost our ability as humans to have feelings. He also talks about whether or not morals are concrete, meaning if one has morals will they deviate from that code no matter what the circumstances?
He uses a bunch of studies as evidence that show that people do have morals, and there does not seem to be set moral code, there is usually an exception. The essay goes through its evolution of studies trying to figure out what a moral code is and what peoples are and what they are based off of. They basically conclude that people choose a moral code that fits their own desires.
The studies showed that people do in fact have morals, that they in fact could have more than one set, and they just make a decision based on the situation. The author goes on to explain how she attempted to go through an entire week without telling a lie and it was nearly impossible.
Through all of these lies, the notion of whether or not the lies hurt anything and if the lying has any merit. Examples of each are given and how they affect others. This gives readers a more in your face kind of read so they can actually see why each type of lie is important to know and understand. Richard Gray goes on to name a few animals and tell about their moral views. The first mammal that he starts with is the wolf.
He speaks of the close social groups that a pack of wolves has, and the rules that govern it. If a pack becomes too big, the pack will slowly start to disintegrate because the bond between them would not be close. He also states that wolves show fairness.
The next animal that he goes on to talk about is the coyote. If during play, a coyote cub bites hard enough to hurt the other cubs, it will most likely be forced to leave the group entirely. Gray speaks about one of the most sociable animals, which are elephants. Evidence has been found that shows elephants help injured or ill members of their herd. In another example, elephants unfasten all of the metal latches that were holding gates closed surrounding antelope that were captured. The elephants showed empathy for these antelopes and let them out.
Grays final animal is the Whale. In human and other great apes, there are cells called spindle cells in their brains. These cells are thought to play a role in empathy and feelings. Spindle cells are also found in whales, and it has been found that they have three times as many spindle cells as humans.
Gray ends the article by saying that the finding of spindle cells in whales could show that empathy could be widespread throughout the entire animal kingdom. I chose this essay because it pertains to the notion of ethics and morality. The expectations and pressure from others are what seems to drive a lot of our actions both ethically and morally. In this case, Hughes was driven to lie to please the members of the church.
It does not make it ethically or morally right however it is somehow justified, in the moment, because someone else did it before him with no apparent consequence. She talks about different terms that people could call her such as handicapped, disabled, or crippled. Living with MS is an emotional roller coaster for Mairs, there are occasional happy times but there are also periods of depression, and self loathing.
Mairs has always had an uneasy relationship with her body, and how this disease has changed her and shaped her makes her feel even worse than she used to. I am not a disease. She points out that our society views death as the worst evil, but Mairs realizes that there are worse things than dying. Living life in a deteriorating state is worse than death. This article describes how technology is taking over our lives.
Having curiositas, recollection, and mindfulness might help solve this problem. Humans are naturally curious. Recollection is a habit. Recollection is clear and undistracted.
Technology is distracting humans. Mindfulness is being aware of what is happening around a person. Morality is made of curiositas, recollection, and mindfulness. Morality is what humans need to keep technology from taking over our brains. It was found that the volunteers who choice to save the cyclists were more likely to use judgment to come to the decisions.
The majority of the volunteers said they would smother the baby to death in order to save the whole village. The volunteers were again more likely to use judgment to come to the decisions. A significant incident happened that gave him a better view on imperialism. When he got to the scene, there was a body lying on the ground that had been crushed by the elephant.
He sent an orderly to go retrieve an elephant rifle. Orwell then went to find the elephant, with no intentions of killing the animal. All of the people who were following Orwell had expected him to kill the elephant.
Orwell shot the elephant with all five rounds and even a few more shots from his small rifle to kill it. Unfortunately, the elephant still suffered for another half hour before it died. Orwell often wondered whether the people realized that he had killed the elephant in order to avoid looking like a fool. Human trafficking has been an increasing problem in China, and it seems not a lot is being done to control it. The thought that someone can take away your child and sell them to someone else, as if they were nothing more than any other object you could buy at a store, is baffling.
It makes one wonder, what leads to this unethical act? A large number of traffickers have been caught, but that number could easily increase. It is difficult to track down these groups and it is even more difficult to trace back and figure out where the children were originally from.
That task ends up being left mostly to volunteer organizations or the individual to figure out on their own. People like her and the volunteers that help people find their way back are inspiring and are a beacon of hope in this sad situation. Assuming this tactic works, she asks the questions; for how long? Will the shock factor wear off eventually; will people just ignore the pictures? This over exposure desensitizes people to their atrocity. Sontag also talks about images from wars, and the fact that there are museums in memory of them such as the Holocaust Memorial Museum.
But is it right to take photographs of events like these? So what is the point of a photograph? So they are for the good and the bad, the ugly and the beautiful. When a group of students were asked if a teacher gaining a double reimbursement was ethical, most students felt that it was.
A few students felt that if the teacher could get away with it the teacher should keep it. Thus, it is important to draw a clear boundary between pluralistic moral values and other categories of values, such as cultural pluralism or religious pluralism. The establishment of a minimalist common ground is another important principle in the application of moral pluralism. A minimalist common ground requires that ethics be reduced to its most basic elements, those that are required for every human to behave ethically.
Such a methodology is crucial especially in response to a pluralist society today. Before I further reinforce my claim, it is important to recognize a limit of the theory of minimalist ethics. One of the possible fallacies of minimalist ethics is that it implies that an action is ethical as long as it does not hurt anybody.
The simplistic and consequentialist nature of this school of ethics provides loopholes for actions done for pure self-interest that indirectly bring negative consequences for others.
Thus, the minimalist approach should only be interpreted as a methodology, not as a moral guidance. It is imperative that the minimalist ground should not be manipulated as the sole justification for all kinds of actions. How should a minimalist common ground be established to reinforce the applicability of moral pluralism? We should recognize that no single individual or group has precisely the same perception of truth and reality due to the differences in religious faith, personal experience and other factors.
Just as cognitive relativism embraces moral relativism, cognitive diversity promotes different applications of moral values. Such a limit signifies the line between ungrounded perspective such as superstitions and rational logic that is based on empirical examination and truths.
William James, a modern advocate of pragmatism, synthesizes the best elements of Empiricism and Idealism. He opposes the prevailing notion of his academic colleagues that only scientific methods can lead to an understanding of the human condition, yet, criticizes any extreme reliance on logic as the sole basis of philosophical truth.
In line with his philosophy, the powerful combination of empirical truth and philosophical logic excludes ungrounded practices that are against common humanity. For example, in Southern Sudan, the practice of sacrificing the spear master by the Dinkas became completely unjustified when the tribe survived after the practice was outlawed.
Thus, cognitive or cultural perceptions, which deviate from the examined truth and accepted rationality, should be excluded from the common ground. Apart from that, to ensure moral progress, the common ground requires that context-independent values not only supercede cultural practices, but also serve to reform the culture itself.
A flexibility with regard to the prioritization of moral values is another principle that should be emphasized to ensure that the goal of the common good be achieved. For pluralism, there is a plurality of reasonable rankings in the light of different equally reasonable conceptions of good life. The central claim of moral pluralism that there is not a single moral value that is superior to others, should not be seem as justifying the claim that there is no possibility of assigning priority among different moral values according to different contexts.
The presence of qualities showing high ethics in a person is termed as morality. More commonly, people associate the term moral with the lesson learnt from a story or a fable. Morals more strongly are based on social values of good and bad. Thus good morals can be distinguished from bad morals. It is correct to define them as the norms and the customs that guide the conduct and the way of life towards good, and beliefs are exhibited through acts of good and bad deeds.
Now ethics are the actions of a person in conscious and represent his free form of being not by seeing how they are performed, but seeking a judgment on whether the act is ethically right or wrong. Ethics and morals are conceptually different but lead to the same outcome of determining the social system and intend to promise a life of excellence for present and future generations.
A person with good morals is involved in good deeds and always knows it inside.
Morals more strongly are based on social values of good and bad. Thus good morals can be distinguished from bad morals. It is correct to define them as the norms and the customs that guide the conduct and the way of life towards good, and beliefs are exhibited through acts of good and bad deeds.
Beliefs, Morals and Values Application - #Beliefs, Morals and Values, # Beliefs, Morals and Values Application According to Webster’s II New College Dictionary a belief is the mental act, condition, or habit of placing trust or confidence in a person or thing and mental acceptance of or conviction in the truth or actuality of something ().
The greatest gift of human rationality is morality. The establishment of “morality” is based on the recognition that every human has a general set of basic needs to lead a life free of physical and psychological suffering. Moral values Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between the ones that are good and the ones which are bad. The philosophy of morality is ethics. Morality is .
Essays on Essays: A Bibliographic Wiki. Search this site. Ethics and Morality. The Multifaceted Structure of Ethics and Morality. When the idea of ethics and morality comes to mind, one often thinks of ideals and codes that are instilled in a person at childhood. The Importance of Moral Values in Our Life Essay. Positive moral values are important because they allow you to have an overall feeling of peace and joy. Moral values can give meaning and purpose to your life. You are able to direct your behavior towards beneficial and fulfilling activities.