High school essays, college essays and university essays on any topics. In three hundred years that it lasted, the accused, which included Jews, Moors, Lutherans, and those who were accused of practicing witchcraft, had their possessions taken by the state, their fates tried in the papal courts, and their dignity trodden by the public. Nearly forty-five thousand cases were tried in Spain and its territories, but conflicting figures show the number dead; some say nearly thirteen thousand were burned at the stake and tortured, whereas some statistics show only about nine hundred died during the Inquisition Henningsen, In , the marriage of Ferdinand V of Aragon to his cousin Isabella of Castile united the two most powerful provinces of Spain Hauben, During this time, Spain was becoming one of the wealthiest nations in the world.
Prejudice against the Jews had also risen during this time, especially after a riot in incited by a Spanish archdeacon named Martinez.
The estimated number of victims for the riot is said to be a little over one thousand 1. After this ordeal, a number of Jews, called conversos, professed themselves as Christians to escape persecution. Many Christians were questioning the sincerity of these conversos as they began to dominate Spanish society.
Many Christians believed that the conversos were not true to the faith and this blasphemy merits expulsion from Spain Lea, The Inquisition In , the proof that these skeptical Christians wanted surfaced. A young man was courting a young Jewish girl. This celebration was, in fact, the Jewish Passover. This problem was further accentuated because the Passover occurred at the same time as the Catholic Holy Week. A few months later, at the urging to the heads of the Spanish Church, Pope Sixtus issued a Papal Bull, a letter from the pope to all Christian countries, giving authority to an Inquisition Slade, 3 ; however, the Spanish Crown was given authorization Lea, The Inquistion The expulsion of Judaism was only a pretext, not the true reason of the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition; Ferdinand and Isabella had ulterior motives Slade, 3.
Ferdinand was a devious king and wished to destroy local autonomy throughout Spain. He saw the Inquisition as a weapon for furthering centralization and his political control. Ferdinand also saw the opportunity to put those imprisoned during the Inquisition to hard labor. The crown also had the chance to add to its wealth by repossessing goods and property of the accused.
Both Ferdinand and Isabella had a strong religious piety and supported ecclesiastical reform in Spain. Isabella was even to have vowed during her youth to eradicate the Jewish population in Spain if given the crown. They had jurisdiction in all matters of heresy and blasphemy. An Inquisitor General was selected by the crown to preside over the meetings of the Suprema and head the entire inquisition.
Torquemada was a zealous Catholic who believed that non-Catholics posed a threat to destroy the Church and the country of Spain. Hauben, Thirteen local tribunals were set up all around Spain and were controlled by the Suprema. In each of these tribunals, there were two or three inquisitor-judges, a prosecutor, secretaries, and theological consultants. These local tribunals had dual duties being judicial and enforcement. Unlike judicial courts, these tribunals had the ability of investigation.
An inquisitor who issued an Edict of Faith visited each tribunal every year the Edict of Faith, which was a miniature questionnaire given to Christians under the threat of excommunication to opportunity to denunciate heretics. When the tribunal saw something suspicious or something suspicious was reported it would publish an Edict of Grace, which allowed a period of thirty to forty days to all those who wished to come forward to confess their sin.
Confessors were usually pardoned or only given a light sentence, but there was a catch: This tactic made the Christian public spies for the tribunals; this entailed less work for the tribunal.
Once the period in the Edict of Grace ended, those who were accused had their possessions taken by the state and were brought to trial Lea, Religious History The only way a person could save himself from being convicted as if he made a list of his enemies, and if it contained any of his accusers, then their evidence was discontinued.
However, the biggest problem in the legal procedure was that the accused never knew the identity his accusers and their witnesses. The accused was given a court appointed counselor, whose purpose was to convince the accused to make a sincere confession If a confession was made, a punishment was dependent on the gravity of the offence. For example, in a case in Seville, a smith had the habit of saying: The most serious offense would be the practice of Judaism, Protestantism, Islam, or anything non-Catholic.
A person accused of practicing these religions would be killed or expelled from the country. If any Jews were left in the country, they were killed on the spot or imprisoned.
Very often, if the accused did not confess, the court would use torture to garner one. These torture tactics were administered by Torquemada in and are the most famous aspect of the Inquisition. The two most popular torture devices were the strappado or pulley and the aselli or water torment. The strappado was a device that used ropes to strap a person in by their arms and legs, and then weights were attached to the ends of these ropes.
The person was raised to a certain level and then the ropes ere released. This would make the body stretch painfully, sometimes enough to produce death. The aselli was when as a person was brought to lay down on a trestle with sharp edged spikes and strapped with an iron band. The persecutors were called Inquisitors.
Those were not afraid of killing and torturing, ruthless people without a pity. They wanted to keep pure Spanish race, and to do so they tried to prevent any possibility for intermarriage of Christians and Jews. Government considered Inquisition the only way to prevent such. Aside from religious reasons, there were also some very strong political reasons for the Spanish Inquisition.
The main political reason for the Spanish Inquisition was that there was a threat to the The Christians of Spain, who at the time were the majority, were outraged at the Jews for many reasons, some which refer back to the religious reasons. The Monarchs of Spain, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, began to realize that if the tension of the citizens increased a little more, riots and mass killing would break out, possibly leading to a religious civil war.
The method they used to control the citizens was the Spanish Inquisition. Using the Inquisition, they were able to soothe and calm the majority of the Spanish citizens. At the same time, they believed they were removing the source of the problem. The King, Queen, and the rest of the rest of the entire government was able to secure their positions in the Monarchy. And the final reason for the Inquisition is money and economics. Spain was in a difficult economic position before the Inquisition.
By repressing Jews, government hoped to fix the situation. They killed thousands of Jews and took their possessions, their money and everything they could find. The Jews were successful, and everyone in Spain knew that they were.
- The Spanish Inquisition What was the Spanish Inquisition. The Spanish Inquisition persecuted and discriminated against minorities in the Iberia Peninsula who opposed to the practice and ideologies of the Catholic Church.
The Spanish Inquisition was the most famous of the numerous Papal Inquisition that took place during the Middle Ages. In three hundred years that it lasted, the accused, which included Jews, Moors, Lutherans, and those who were accused of practicing witchcraft, had their possessions taken by the state, their fates tried in the papal .
It presents the concept of the Inquisition, the start of the Spanish Inquisition, and its functioning. The Inquisition or the Holy Tribunal was an establishment of the Roman Catholic Church, which had the main aims to conduct a . The Spanish Inquisition was a judicial institution established by the. church in Spain during the Middle Ages. It was in charge of seeding out. Jews whom, because of the pressure, basically instantly converted to Christianity.. The Spanish Inquisition occurred from fourteen seventy-eight to /5(3).
The Spanish Inquisition Essay Words | 5 Pages ("The Spanish Inquisition:" n.d.) Isabella looked upon this removal of about , of her subjects as a "pious duty". (The Spanish Inquisition, ) Under Torquemada's reign the Inquisition spread. By about there were 19 courts in cities such as Seville, Cordova, Villareal, and Toledo. Spanish Inquisition Essay is on what role inqusition played in Catholic Church. What's the reason, reasons for the spanish inquistion to appear.