A positive relationship between childhood television viewing and subsequent aggressiveness was again suggested: The seriousness of crimes for which males were convicted by age 30 was significantly correlated with the amount of television that they had watched and their liking for violent programs as 8-year-olds.
Singer and Singer also conducted a study and showed a connection between how watching violence on television affected the aggressiveness in children. This study was conducted on nursery school age children for 1-year. Meanwhile, observers recorded instances of aggressive behavior by the children during school hours. This effect was found for both boys and girls. The pattern of cross-lagged correlations over the four probe periods led the Singers to conclude that the television viewing was leading to the aggressive behavior over the first two comparisons i.
Over the final comparison from probe 3 to probe 4 , however, the cross-lagged pattern showed that not only was earlier viewing correlated with subsequent aggression, but also that earlier aggression was correlated with subsequent viewing. In other words, by the latter phase of the study a reciprocal effect was being shown. This second finding, that people who are high on the aggressiveness scale might like to watch more violence on television is consistent with the results of the laboratory experiments conducted by Fenigstein In this experiment, people who had had a history of physical aggression against others tended to select television viewing material that was more violent in nature than compared to those who were not as aggressive.
In a similar correlational study, Diener and DuFour also presented similar results. Media has always provided children with entertainment and visual imagery and imagination that have worked to enhance their minds and also develop their brains. Media has also helped the children in keeping their fears in check and controlling their anxieties. The two pigs who quickly built shelters of straw and of wood so that they could play the rest of the day were devoured by the wolf.
The third built his house of brick and would go out early in the mornings to obtain food while the wolf was still asleep. He eventually scalded to death and ate the big bad wolf. Intelligence, planning, and foresight, combined with hard labor, will make us victorious over even our most ferocious enemy--the wolf!
It may at first seem odd that a child would choose to be frightened at bedtime, a time often already characterized by anxiety brought on by darkness and by the prospect of being alone. The fairy tale initially increases that anxiety, then provides a mechanism for relief.
Thus some researchers stress the fact that violent images in the media are necessary for children since it helps them deal with many things and to motivate the mastery of their own emotions and states of mind.
So what is the conclusion that we come to? Is the violence in media bad for the children, or is some of it necessary? Does viewing violence on television have any adverse affects on the children?
Is it the nature of television programming that is more harmful or just watching any kind of television bad? Although many of the laboratory experiments that have been reviewed herein suggest that there is a positive relationship between aggressiveness and television viewing, the research remains inconclusive.
But it will not be wrong to face the direction of thought that violence in the media does lead to aggressive behavior, as pointed out by the longitudinal studies that were conducted during the s.
Various scholars and researchers have tried to explain the relationship between television violence and aggression in different ways.
So far, the evidence that has been collected from various types of studies, including laboratory experiments, field experiments, longitudinal studies, and archival studies, are in favor of the notion that viewing violence on television does have adverse affects on the aggressiveness of the subjects who are watching the programs.
These studies have focused on children, adolescents and young adults, and a wide range of constrained and unconstrained behaviors. Even though there might be many limitations to these studies due to the large number of population and the small number of sample, the results from so many researchers have seemed to point to the same direction.
However, some promising developments in theory are taking place, involving the development of models derived from affective, cognitive, and motivational psychology.
A comprehensive literature review has been presented herein that has purported the role that media can play in the aggressiveness of the viewers. It can be concluded that even though media can play a big role in the way a person grows up to react in a negative way, it is not the only factor that is to be taken in consideration.
Television is a very popular media and it is expected that people, especially children, will continue to watch television and their lives will continue to be affected by the various programs and shows that they watch.
It is very important today, for all the parents, teachers, and model citizens, to get involved and try to make the affects of media as non-violent on our children as possible.
All the parents must monitor the television watching activities of their children. The parents must make sure that they sit and watch television with their children and keep explaining to them what is going on. The children need to know how the violent images shown on television are not real and that they should not try to emulate what they see on television. Parents should not use television as a 'babysitter' and must make the television viewing experience a family affair with the children.
The teachers in schools must also actively participate in educating the children about what they see on television. Curricula for the development of critical viewing skills already exists and has been shown to be effective e. Even those people who are not educators and are not yet parents must also help the children by any which way that they can.
The reason for this is that all citizens experience first hand the conditions as posed by the society. The children of today are going to grow up to form the societies of tomorrow. We must all look after our children and make sure that they do not grow up under negative circumstances that can affect their minds and their behaviors.
This means that everybody in the community must become involved if we are all to minimize the affects of violence in media on our children. There is a large chance that the violence in the media can propagate the interface and can directly, or indirectly, affect the viewers, especially children.
At the same time, however, the same media can also be used to negate the harmful affects. There should be more awareness shows on television that teach children the hazards of violence and these must try to grab their attention without the use of violence or other objectionable material.
It is our hope that many will seek solutions to such problems by becoming more sophisticated users of what is available to them in the media. It is also our hope that people will become more psychologically aware: Public Opinion Quarterly, 41, Psychological Bulletin, 67, Television violence and the adolescent boy.
The uses of enchantment. The meaning and importance of fairy tales pp. Vintage Books, Random House. Television and the American family. Child Development, 47, Public Opinion Quarterly, 47, A special medium for a special audience. P, and Turley, J.
Media, Children, and the Family: Social Scientific, Psychodynamic, and Clinical Perspectives. Learning of aggression in children. Children and youth 2nd ed. Journal of Counseling and Development, 66, Media and its impact on our children, our families, and our lives. Psychological Bulletin, 96, Psychological Bulletin , Television as a social issue Vol.
It is evident that an increase in youth violence is due in part to a lack of parental direction, a lack of community involvement, and a decrease in school authority. The good news is there is something that can be done to prevent violence from happening. The key to combating youth violence starts in the home. As a result, children are left to figure out what to do with their lives on their own — and quite often the decisions they make are far from sound ones, leading to violence, with them joining gangs and running with the wrong crowds.
The majority of teenagers in gangs rarely talk to their parents because it is so much easier for them to talk to their friends. Parents need to sit down and talk with their children at home. Parents need to be there to help them understand it and influence them in a positive way, so that they can make the best decisions. The environment that our youth live in also can have a great impact on their behavior. For example, if a child lives in a neighborhood where there are gun shots fired every week, then that child might be influenced, and commit crimes now or later on in life.
Our communities need to be more involved in giving youth a positive outlet and a place where they can be safe. This can start with more community centers and after school programs to keep our youth off the streets.
If you provide them with something optimistic and educational, it will keep them busy and out of trouble. Also, more community leaders and residents need to come together and talk about courses of action that can be taken to get rid of the gangs and clean up the streets.
Actions to prevent violence can also be implemented in schools. School violence is something that has been happening a lot recently and is a major concern for our teachers, counselors, and school administrators. While most teachers feel like their classroom is their main responsibility, they can also take more time to involve themselves in what goes on outside the classroom.
Two words: Youth violence. It’s everywhere! You can’t escape it. Everywhere you look there is a crime occurring people under the age of .
Youth violence is a serious issue, and there are many factors that contribute to youth violence; they are domestic violence, negative media and gangs. The truth is if a child grows up in an unhealthy household then there will more chances for he or she to grow up to be a violent person.
Jun 03, · Free Essays from Bartleby | programming contains some violence, there should be more and more violent crime after television is available” (Freedman). Many. Youth violence is one of the most mentioned and discussed problem in most city and schools around the country. This has received increased public attention since the rash of school shootings and violent acts that have occurred in recent years. It is a topic that is of great importance in class and /5(10).
Free Essay: Fear of youth violence is a constant concern by millions of people all over the world. Kids seem to take up more and more space of crimes that. How often have you felt hopeless, wishing there was something you could do about youth violence? Everywhere you look there is a crime involving youth under the age of 18 and we are losing someone each and every day to senseless violence.