According to her, the prevalence of abuse with the exclusion of negligence, increased with age for men, while it decreased with age for women. Concerning the variation of elderly abuse with various factors she said that; Mistreatment varies with the socio-economic position of the elderly majority of those who last worked in semi-routine and full routine jobs who worked for small employers being at higher risk. Overall, those who were living in the rented housing had the highest tendency to be neglected.
She had witnessed the highest level of mistreatment by separated or divorced to partners as compared to those who were widowed. However she said that People who were living alone were more likely to experience financial abuse as compared to those living with others.
She said that mistreatment by the health status tends to increase with the declining health status. The level of elderly abuse was highest for people with: Men comprised of the highest percentage in the interpersonal elderly abuse are it physically, psychologically and sexually with women being less abusive. The age structure of most perpetrators tended to be younger especially for those who carried out financial abuse as she compared to those carried out interpersonal abuse.
On the mode of reporting the incidences of elderly abuse, she said that the majority of the incidents were reported or sought help. This contrasted to the common assumptions the notion of "abuse" as only physical violence. She confirmed that the risk factors for negligence included; female gender, aged of 85 years and above, severe suffering or a much deteriorated health status and the likelihood of one being in receipt of, or in close touch with, the services.
Discussion The issue of elderly abuse is a very vital, There is need to address it, particularly in the long-term care settings where the elderly People totally depend on external help and are more vulnerable to abuse. This study ascertains the perceptions that different people take concerning the state of elderly and the associated abuse.
Amongst the nurses and social workers who worked in long-term care setups for older people. Most of the staff in the care units doesn't have the basic education which can enable them deal with the elderly abuse and there was a considerable uncertainty on what constitutes elderly abuse.
There is need to setup the standards for the providers of care and support services to the elderly people. These standards should be based on key factors such as the risk factors for them to be relevant to the efforts of prevention of the abuses The following steps need to be taken in order to improve on the elderly care units.
These developments aim at influencing the background on which abuse is recognised as a very big social problem. The government department in charge of Health should launch a Dignity campaign in Care, coupled with the dignity tests, championship and a dignity challenge that ensures zero tolerance of all forms of abuse in the provision of services and to ensure that the elderly people feel freely to complain without the fear of retribution Mowlam Et al The significance of partnership working between the hospitals and the social care units, between the social care and the police, the voluntary and independent sectors was a reflection of very successive policy documents.
Adults are at the highest risk because they are susceptible to be affected by disability, mental disorders, illness, ageing, the elderly are unable to provide themselves with protection from abuse and are vulnerable to abused than young persons. Abuse therefore should be defined to mean any conduct which can harm or exploit an individual be it physically, psychologically or through actions such as theft, embezzlement, fraud and extortion. Self-abuse is also a serious issue that should be addressed together with any other conduct which may cause fear, an alarm or a lot of distress.
Elderly neglect should be grouped into three main categories which include; The day to day activities such as shopping for food or clothing, preparation of meals, carrying out routine housework, traveling or transportation The Personal care and hygiene such as washing, bathing, dressing, undressing, and eating Help when it comes to correct dosage and the timing of medication.
For those who live alone, or in receipt of elderly services, those with a worsened health status, the elderly men, and divorced women, separated, or lonely. The risk of financial abuse is very high. Any bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns could be an indication of physical abuse, neglect, or mistreatment. Many Unexplained withdrawals from normal activities, a sudden change in alertness, and unusual depression can be indicators of emotional abuse. Intense relationships, or frequent arguments between the caregiver and elderly person are also signs.
Any of these acts can be considered abuse What Is Elder Abuse? Many people believe that overworked nurses may be the cause of why residents are being abused. Studies show that over 3, nurses are stressed out and overworked. Long shifts and the on-call availability will wear a nurse down over time. They will sometimes even have to work twenty-four to thirty-six hour shifts. This can make it hard for nurses to perform to their full ability. This would make it more considerable for an elder to not get there full care and end up being abused.
The most we could do was to beg a manager to come in and help, and this was unsuccessful 95 percent of the time. We were just told to do our best Schwamberger said. As the body functions of the elder people are declining, the elderly, especially those suffering from Dementia, may behave like children who depend on the family caregivers in physical, financial and emotional aspects, resulting in exerting a great pressure to the responsible family caregivers Pillemer, Once the stress on the family caregivers exceeds what they can withstand, elder abuse will probably occur.
Apart from the stress of family caregivers due to the dependence of the elderly, family caregivers depending on the elderly financially is another common cause of the elder abuse. The same phenomenon can be applied to Hong Kong. As the price of flats in Hong Kong is very high, many Hong Kong citizens cannot afford it.
However, some adults still want to have their own flat. Therefore, some of them will force their old parents to pay for them. In some serious cases, an adult son defrauds the money or the ownership of the flat of their old parents by inveigling them to sign the money withdrawal banking slip or the contract of the change of the ownership of their flat Lee, After realizing the causes, understanding the impact of the elder abuse is also significant.
After understanding the root causes and the impact of elder abuse, some solutions are suggested by the experts and related organizations to ease the problem. Enhancement of the quantity of elderly services could help relieve the family caregiver stress by increasing the capacity of the Day Care Centers and Home Care Services for the elderly. However, the current quota of elder care services is seriously inadequate. According to the press release of the Hong Kong Council of Social Services , there are 26, elder people on the waiting list of elder care centers and the average waiting time is 3 years, resulting in lots of elder people on the waiting list die before they can get a ticket to the center.
In addition, by doing so, the family caregivers can spare time to have their social and outdoor activities to relieve their stress Chow, Moreover, home care services, such as personal care helpers or general household helpers, can also reduce the workload and stress of the family caregivers. However, on the other hand, it may perhaps lead to elder abuse by the staff or nurses in the service centers. Despite the few reported cases, it cannot conclude that the quality of staff in the services units for the elderly is declining.
In most cases, it is safe for the elder people to live in the elder care centers. Besides increasing the quota of elderly services, detection of elder abuse is also important. As the elder abuse cases are underreported, it is crucial to find them out so as to avoid the elderly suffering from abuse continually.
Organizing exhibitions in shopping malls, holding seminars in community halls, and making advertisements on television are the measures that can be considered by the Hong Kong government in order to educate the public about the seriousness of elder abuse. It can be seen from the above that elder abuse is a serious social problem with low public awareness. To tackle the problem, enhancing the capacity of elder care services, introducing health care visitors, and educating the public about elder abuse could be the possible solutions.
Despite some weaknesses of the solutions, they can boost the public awareness after all. If more citizens in Hong Kong realize the impact of elder abuse, less elder people will be abused and the problem of elder abuse can be relieved. The elder people in Hong Kong can really enjoy a sense of security and a sense of belonging. Handbook of gerontology — Evidence-based approaches to theory, practice, and policy.
Cases of elder abuse rises significantly — Organizations urge for legislation of elder abuse as criminal charge.
- This essay will begin by giving a definition of elder abuse and it will then go on to briefly explain elder abuse. It will then move on to discuss the causes and consequences of elder abuse. It will then outline the ways in which policy and practice has responded to the problem of elder abuse since the protection of our future: Report of the working group on elder abuse was published in
Nurses may play an important role in preventing and identifying elder abuse, as well as in the subsequent investigation. CONCLUSION. Elder abuse is a significant problem in the United States and often goes unreported and unrecognized. Elder abuse may be physical, emotional, psychological, sexual, or .
Elder Abuse Essay - Elder Abuse Population ageing is currently one of the most significant demographic trends and becoming a worldwide problem(cite) specially among the elderly who are often the most recognized and forgotten group in this analysis. Elder abuse is any form of mistreatment (e.g., physical, sexual, psychological, emotional or financial) that results in harm or loss inflicted on an older person. In addition, elder abuse may include domestic violence. Elder abuse need not be intentionally inflicted through an action; neglect can also be .
Elderly abuse is defined as, " the systematic maltreatment, physical, emotional or financial, of an elderly person by a care giving relative". In America 5% to 10% of the elderly are victims of moderate to severe abuse, and 42% of the population over 65 was supported by care giving relatives said the National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA). Custom Elder Abuse Essay Writing Service || Elder Abuse Essay samples, help Introduction Abuse to the elderly people has been a common practice in most societies in different parts of the world, there is need to stop this trend in line with the protection of human rights.