Terrorism is often cloaked in self-serving ideologies, which disguise its real nature. It is often used as a tool of State policy. The objective of States sponsoring terrorism across international borders is not to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedoms.
It is certainly not to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors. It is also not to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security. The sole objective of States sponsoring terrorism abroad is to change the established order by force and violence. In this ruthless quest, they are as willing to sacrifice lives of whose rights they seek to promote, as those of their foes. The quest for territorial expansion in the name of self-determination through terrorism inevitably carries with it the potential of conflict between States.
It creates a threat to international peace and security. Organized terrorism supported by the State uses large masses of refugees as assets in a ruthless war to extend State frontiers and achieve strategic depth.
We have seen its consequences in our region, such as in Afghanistan. It has brought immense suffering to the people. It has resulted in gross violation of human rights and imposition of discriminatory laws on women. It has resulted in regression into a medieval society. International terrorism can only be countered by enhanced cooperation at international level. This requires concerted action.
NGOs have a special role to play in enhancing awareness of the threat posed by terrorists to human rights. There is need for greater action at regional as well as international level.
We support a comprehensive approach. The focus should be on practical measures to combat terrorism, rather than getting lost in perennial debate on definition of terrorism. There is no doubt about nature or consequences of terrorism; the need is to find political will to root out this menace.
India has played a leading role in building international consensus against terrorism. NAM has unequivocally affirmed that criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons, for whatever purposes, are unjustifiable.
The recent NAM Summit in Durban has also reaffirmed that all Member States have an obligation to refrain from organizing, assisting or participating in terrorist acts in the territories of other States. They unequivocally condemned any political, diplomatic, moral or material support to terrorism. We have to carry forward the consensus evolved by NAM and translate it into practical actions at international level. This would require concerted action. Piecemeal approach will not do. We have, therefore, proposed a comprehensive international convention against terrorism.
NAM has supported India's proposal. Recently, 53rd UNGA session agreed that negotiations on a comprehensive international convention should be taken up on priority basis. We need to complete this task urgently. A comprehensive international convention against terrorism would help avoid unilateral or selective action. If we want to see a world free of strife based on terrorist violence, which threatens to undermine democratic pluralism within States as well as friendly relations amongst them, we must join hands to fight this menace.
Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you. When most people think of terrorists, they think of the religious extremists who often use suicide bombings to try to bring terror.
In reality, there are many types of terrorism. Along with each type of terrorist ideology come different thoughts and methods of how to spread terror.
It is important to note that many terrorist groups operate globally, while others limit themselves to one country. For instance al-Qaeda is known to operate in cells around the globe National, a , but the Freemen operate in the United States National, b. Three types of terrorism will be discussed below: Religious terrorism comes in many of the faiths found around the world.
These groups try to either force their beliefs on others, or they simply try to eliminate others who do not share their faith. Of these groups, the Islamic terrorists seem to be the most commonly seen around the world.
Of the Islamic groups found around the world, none are more infamous than al-Qaeda. This group seeks to strike at Western targets. According to Rohan Gunaratna, al-Qaeda has ceased to be just a group of terrorists. It has become a movement that influences other religious terrorist groups around the world Gunaratna, , pp.
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